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Types of Hernias

The most common kinds of hernias happen in the abdomen, or belly.

When the muscles inside a person's abdomen weaken in one spot, a loop of intestine or abdominal tissue can push through the muscle layer.

Abdominal hernias may need to be repaired through surgery. The Hernia Surgery Center repairs a wide range of hernias, including:

  • Inguinal Hernia: Inguinal hernias are the most common kind of abdominal hernias. They happen more often in men, and are often caused by a person lifting heavy objects. An inguinal hernia can result in a medical emergency if the blood supply to part of the intestine is cut off or restricted.
  • Ventral Hernia: A ventral hernia is called an incisional hernia when it occurs at the site of a surgical scar. Up to one-third of all patients who have had open abdominal surgery will develop a ventral hernia at their incision.
  • Femoral Hernia: Femoral hernias are similar to inguinal hernias, but occur in the groin near the thigh. They are more common in older people, and in women who have been pregnant. A femoral hernia can also result in a medical emergency. For more information, refer to the Femoral Hernia topic on our Dartmouth-Hitchcock Healthwise® Health Encyclopedia website.
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