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Surgery for Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are sacs that develop on or inside the ovary.

Formation

During normal ovulation, one egg is released from a follicle every month. But when a follicle does not rupture, it becomes filled with fluid and forms a cyst.

Ovarian cysts usually disappear on their own within a couple of months.

Symptoms

Sometimes there are no symptoms, but you may experience:

  • Constant, dull pelvic pain, or pain with intercourse or when moving
  • More or less bleeding than usual during your menstrual cycle, and a shorter or longer cycle than before
  • A bloated abdomen

Diagnosis

  • Ovarian cysts may be discovered during your pelvic exam, and your doctor or nurse can order an ultrasound or CT scan to confirm them.
  • You may need particular blood tests to look for indications of ovarian cancer or hormonal problems.

Treatment

  • You may be prescribed oral contraceptives, which will help regulate your menstrual cycle.
  • Ovarian cysts that are very large or persistent require surgical removal.
  • If the cause of your cysts is polycystic ovary syndrome, different treatment may be recommended.
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