Vocabulary Exercise

Clinicians must learn to use some new language effectively. Each of the terms listed below is one that obstetricians, midwives and nurses should be able to use comfortably in conversation.

Definitions of the following terms are available from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

  • Active Error
  • Adverse Event
  • Authority Gradient
  • Benchmark
  • Close Call/Near Miss
  • Human Factors (or Human Factors Engineering)
  • Incident Reporting
  • Informed Consent
  • Competency
  • Confirmation Bias
  • Crew Resource Management
  • Critical Incidents
  • Decision Support
  • Error
  • Error Chain
  • Failure To Rescue
  • Health Literacy
  • High Reliability Organizations (HROs)
  • Hindsight Bias
  • Medical Emergency Teams (Medical Response Teams, or Med Teams)
  • Medication Reconciliation
  • Mistakes
  • Normalization Of Deviance
  • Patient Safety
  • Pay For Performance
  • Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA)
  • Production Pressure
  • Root Cause Analysis (RCA)
  • Rule Of Thumb/Heuristic
  • Safety Culture
  • Sentinel Event
  • Situational Awareness
  • Six Sigma
  • Standard Of Care
  • Systems Approach
  • Time-Outs
  • Triggers
  • Workaround