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Legs, Ankles, and Feet

The legs, ankles, and feet are made up of many bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments – the foot alone contains 28 bones and over 30 joints. The ankle has 14 bones, the lower leg has two main bones, the thicker tibia bone and the thinner fibula.

Above the knee is the longest bone in the body, the femur bone. Pain in either the leg, ankle, or foot can be caused by the types of the conditions listed below. Trauma from accidents or sports injuries represents a large proportion of the cases we treat.


  • Arthritis: Details about arthritis, a painful condition that affects the joints in the body.
  • Broken Leg: Overview of the causes and treatments for a broken leg.
  • Bunions: A topic about bunions, a deformity of the foot that occurs at the point where your big toe connects to the rest of the foot.
  • Clubfoot: Definition of clubfoot, symptoms, causes, and treatments.
  • Diabetic Foot: Information about diabetic foot, which refers to foot problems caused directly by diabetes, such as a decreased ability to feel pain in the foot.
  • Flatfoot: A description of flatfoot, which may also be referred to as flat feet, flexible flatfoot, rigid flatfoot, fallen arches, or pes planus.
  • Foot Deformity
  • Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis): A Dartmouth-Hitchcock Healthwise® Health Encyclopedia overview of plantar fasciitis, including causes, symptoms, and treatment.
  • Intoeing: Details about intoeing, which is when the tips of your feet are turned inwards instead of pointing straight forward when walking.
  • Sports Injuries
  • Sprained Ankle: A sprain is a stretch and/or tear of a ligament (a band of fibrous tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint).
  • Tendonitis: A Dartmouth-Hitchcock Healthwise® Health Encyclopedia overview of tendon injury (tendinopathy), describing causes, symptoms, and treatments.


  • Bunion Removal: A Dartmouth-Hitchcock Healthwise® Health Encyclopedia overview of bunion surgery, describing the different types of surgery and the risks involved.
  • Clubfoot Repair: Information about treatments for clubfoot, including casting.

Special Programs

Clubfoot Program (Lebanon)
Providers follow the Ponsetti® method of treatment that includes a series of weekly castings for the infant, following by bracing. Surgical treatment is also sometimes required.

High Risk Foot Clinic (Lebanon)
The High Risk Foot Clinic is a multi-specialty clinic devoted to the care of patients who may be at risk of foot problems due to diabetes, various neurological problems, or other conditions. Podiatrist Dr. James Dolan collaborates with the team in the Comprehensive Wound Healing Center.

Sports Medicine
A team of specialists and physical therapists that specialize in treating adults and children with any sports-related injuries and chronic conditions. Treatment is based on evidence-based care to get you back to your passion in as little time as possible.

Patient Education

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