Prevention and Treatment
How can I protect myself and my family?
General precautions you should take to reduce your risk of any respiratory viral infection apply in this situation such as:
- Wash your hands frequently.
- Stay home when you are sick.
Travel advisories help inform travelers and clinicians about current health issues in specific international destinations, and updates can be found on the CDC website. The CDC advised against all non-essential travel to Level 3 areas, especially for older and at-risk individuals.
Should I get tested for COVID-19?
If you've traveled internationally to any of the Level 3, 2, and 1 areas OR have been in contact with a confirmed case of COVID-19, please follow these guidelines:
If you do not have a fever, cough, or shortness of breath
We request that you postpone any elective procedures or routine medical appointments for 14 days after return from travel.
If you have a fever, cough, or shortness of breath
If you are experiencing cough, fever or shortness of breath and have concern that this might be COVID-19, please call your primary care provider for a risk assessment. If your provider establishes the need for COVID-19 testing, they will coordinate directly with your state department of health.
If you do not have a primary care provider, please call your state health department. In New Hampshire, call the 2-1-1 state hotline; n Vermont, call 2-1-1 or 866-652-4636 toll free in Vermont, or 802-652-4636 from outside of Vermont.
Is there treatment for COVID-19?
The National Institutes of Health announced a clinical trial at the University of Nebraska Medical Center that will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the investigational antiviral drug remdesivir to treat COVID-19 in adult patients.
There is no approved antiviral treatment available, although one is currently entering a Phase 1 safety trial.
How is a patient treated for COVID-19?
The basic approach to prevent disease transmission is to:
- Identify patients who show symptoms.
- Isolate those patients from others for assessment.
- Inform appropriate staff and authorities for further response.
If people appear with symptoms, they will be asked to wear a mask and answer a series of questions about their health and travel. Based on their answers and vital signs, they may be isolated from other patients while COVID-19 test results can be verified.
Patients who test positive for COVID-19 are isolated and treated.