Common Causes of Dizziness or Vertigo
At the Balance and Vestibular Center, we treat common causes of dizziness or vertigo. To learn more about these causes, please refer to the articles listed below, which take you to our Dartmouth-Hitchcock Healthwise® Health Encyclopedia website:
- Acoustic neuroma: Information about acoustic neuroma, a benign tumor on the vestibular nerve.
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): Topic overview of BPPV, describing what it is and the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
- Bilateral vestibular loss from ototoxic medications that can damage the vestibular system
- Dizziness: Lightheadedness and Vertigo: Overview of dizziness, including definitions of lightheadedness and vertigo and their causes.
- Labyrinthitis or vestibular neuronitis (from viral infections): Information about labyrinthitis and vestibular neuritis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
- Ménière's disease: Topic overview of Ménière's disease, which is an inner ear problem that affects your hearing and balance.
- Migraine-related dizziness: Learn about migraine headaches, which are painful, throbbing headaches that can last from 4 to 72 hours.
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
- Unilateral vestibular hypofunction
Our physical therapists are specially trained to treat balance and dizziness related to these conditions, working closely with otolaryngologists and neurotologists (ear, nose and throat specialists), physiatrists, and neurologists. We perform a complete assessment including Platform Posturography Testing using the SMART Balance Master® EquiTest® – advanced technology to test a patient's balance. After our team completes a comprehensive assessment, we will determine the most appropriate treatment that may include:
- Vestibular habituation and gaze stabilization exercises meant to help retrain the vestibular system.
- Balance exercises to improve steadiness with walking and standing activities.
- Epley's canalith repositioning maneuver for BPPV—a technique that involves moving your head in specific directions to eliminate a spinning sensation when you move.
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