Transplantation Surgery Patient Support and Education

Most people are born with two kidneys, which are bean-shaped organs located in the middle of the back, on either side of the spine. Each kidney weighs about five ounces and is about the size of a fist.

One kidney, functioning at 20% capacity, can:

  • Clean your blood and remove waste products through the formation of urine
  • Balance fluids in the body by controlling water and salt concentrations
  • Maintain the balance of the body's chemicals (potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus)
  • Control blood pressure

Many diseases, like diabetes and high blood pressure, can cause your kidneys to malfunction, and may lead to kidney disease or failure.

Organ transplant support organizations

Questions and answers about kidney disorders and transplantation

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Kidney disorders and transplantation

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