Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is enlargement of the prostate. BPH is one of the most common diseases of aging men.

Symptoms related to prostate enlargement include:

  • Frequency of urination (more than 4-6 times a day)
  • Hesitancy (delayed initiation of stream)
  • Intermittent urinary stream
  • Nighttime urination
  • Sensation of incomplete bladder emptying
  • Urinary urgency
  • Weak stream

BPH affects your quality of life. If left untreated, it can lead to:

  • Damage to the kidneys
  • Increased risk of bladder dysfunction
  • Increased risk of hip fractures
  • Urinary retention
  • Urinary tract infections

Treatment of BPH

Initial treatment is usually with medications such as:

  • 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, such as finasteride and dutasteride
  • Alpha-blockers, such as tamsulosin, alfuzosin, doxazosin, etc.
  • Anticholinergics
  • PDE5 inhibitors, such as tadalafil

Additionally, we offer the following surgical treatments for BPH:

Learn more


Page reviewed on: Jan 30, 2020

Page reviewed by: Michael T. Grant, MD